National Rating Rules
１．Purposes of the National Rating
(1) To appropriately quantify match results of players who participated in the national tournaments.
(2) To be used to determine starting positions for the national tournaments, to award national titles and to select qualifying players.
(3) Japan Chess Federation (Federation) issues two types of rating: Standard* and Rapid*.
(1) Tournaments and meetings reported for rating purposes must be organized by Federation or Federation-registered clubs and be run in a fair manner by Federation annual members.
(2) Players who attend tournaments and meetings reported for rating purposes must have Federation membership, including one-time tournament membership.
(3) All FIDE official tournaments shall be played according to the FIDE rules. In addition, Federation must be notified at least two months prior to the event.
３．Rating calculation period
(1) The organizer must submit a rating report to Federation after a tournament or meeting. For FIDE official events, the organizer must submit, in addition to a rating report mentioned above, a prescribed TXT file to Federation
(2) The club representative or an Federation member approved by the representative shall submit a rating report.
(3) Rating calculation period starts on the 21st of each month and ends on the 20th of the following month. Federation calculates ratings for each calculation period and publishes new ratings on the first day of two subsequent months after the month in which ratings calculation period started. (i.e. Federation calculates ratings incorporating game results from January 21 to February 20 and publishes new ratings on March 1 as rating for March.)
(4) If the report includes non-members, the results of those non-members’ games may not count for the rating calculation.
(5) A rating report received after 90 days from the date of the game may not be counted for the rating purposes.
(6) If the published ratings are incorrect, federation shall correct and re-publish the ratings. However, the ratings published before 90 days from the date of inquiry shall not be corrected.
(1) A rating report shall include a, b and c below. Use of reporting files provided by Federation is required.
a. Name of a tournament, date/time, venue, name of the person in charge of the tournament, type of tournament (standard or rapid)
b. Federation ID number and name in the Roman alphabet
c. Game results (white romanized name, result, black romanized name)
(2) If Swiss Manager is used, uploading to Chess-Results.com and notifying Federation of the upload can replace a rating report mentioned in the preceding paragraph.
(3) Player’s names are spelled in the Roman alphabet in the same way as FIDE does: family-name first-name order and without a comma in between.
(4) A rating report shall be sent by email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
(5) If it was a player’s first official tournament or a player without ID, the player’s name in Kanji, date of birth, email address (any other available information) should be included.
(6) In a standard game, each player has at least 60 minutes, based on 60 moves. However, if it is not a FIDE official tournament, a game of at least 45 minutes can be deemed to be a standard game.
(7) A rating report for the regional qualifying tournament for Japan Chess Championship should include the names of qualified players.
５．Calculating the ratings
(1) C is the change and is calculated per game by formula: C = (R – PD) * K
⦁ R is the result and a win gives 1 point, a draw 0.5 points and a loss 0 points.
⦁ K is the development coefficient. The larger K is, the greater variation in a rating. The K for standard and for rapid are deemed different. Normally, the K is 20. For an unrated player (UR) whose cumulative number of games is below 18, or a player who is aged below 18 and has rating below 2300, the K is 40. For a player who has ever achieved a rating of 2400 or more, the K is 10.
⦁ PD means the scoring probability and it is given from H or L shown in the table below depending on each other’s rating difference. (see Table 1 below)
⦁ For example, Player A (Rating: 1600) and Player B (Rating: 1800), both of whom have the K=20, played a game. Since the rating difference is 200, the H is 0.76 and the L is 0.24 as shown in Table
(2) All the C values during one rating calculation period are added up and the total value is rounded to the nearest whole number. The new rating is calculated by adding this total and the current rating value.
(3) Unplayed games and games between UR players are counted as zero and not calculated in the rating.
(4) If the rating difference is 400 or above, it is always calculated as 400.
(5) The lowest National rating is 400.
(1) Players who do not have either a National Standard or a National Rapid rating will take over the rating they already have.
(2) Players whose rating cannot be determined with (1) above will take over the FIDE rating in the following orders:
①FIDE Standard, ②FIDE Rapid, ③FIDEBlitz.
(3) Players whose rating cannot be determined with (1) and (2) above are called unrated players (UR) and their ratings are zero. The initial rating is calculated when a UR player whose cumulative number of games becomes 4 or more. The K is 40 for the first 18 games. This rating shall not be used for qualification examinations.
(4) The initial rating for a UR player will be derived by FIDE calculator.In this calculation, even if the opponent is a UR, its rating is assumed to be 1000.
(1) Federation and its recognized clubs must deal with personal information with utmost attention.
(2) Any case that is not stipulated in these rules shall be processed in consultation with Federation Rating Department with reference to FIDE Rating Regulations.
(3) These rules shall be revised with approval of Federation Board of Directors Meeting.
Initial version issued on February 5, 2019
Revised on May 11, 2019 (effective on June 1)
Revised on August 31, 2019 (effective on September 1)
Revised on March 31, 2020 (effective on May 1)
Revised on January 31, 2021 (effective on February 1)
Revised on August 31, 2022 (effective on September 1)
Revised on April 12, 2023 (effective on April 12)
Reviesed on August 1, 2023 (effective on August 1)
From FIDE Rating Regulations
🡪 please refer to 4(5) above)
Note: This English version is for reference purposes only. The Japanese version of this rule shall prevail.